Kuan Kung

发帖者 ADuu | 7/05/2009 02:10:00 AM | 0 评论 »

Kuan Kung(Guan Yu): (simplified Chinese: 关羽; traditional Chinese: 關羽; pinyin: Guān Yǔ)
was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern
Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China. He played a significant
role in the civil war that led to the collapse of the Han Dynasty and
the establishment of the Kingdom of Shu, of which Liu Bei was the first

As one of the best known Chinese historical figures throughout East
Asia, Guan Yu's true life stories have largely given way to
fictionalized ones, mostly found in the historical novel Romance of the
Three Kingdoms or passed down the generations, in which his deeds and
moral qualities have been lionized.

Guan Yu was deified as early as the Sui Dynasty and is still being
worshipped by Chinese people today, especially in southern China. He is
respected as the epitome of loyalty and righteousness.

Guan Yu is traditionally portrayed as a red-faced warrior with a
long lush beard. While his beard was indeed mentioned in the Records of
Three Kingdoms, the idea of his red face may have derived from a later
description of him in Chapter One of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms,
where the following passage appears:

“ Xuande took a
glance at the man, who stood at a height of nine chi,and had a two chi
long beard; his face was of the color of a Zao,with red lips; his eyes
were like that of a phoenix's,and his eyebrows resembled silkworms.He
had a dignified aura and looked quite majestic.”

Alternatively, the idea of his red face could have been borrowed
from opera representation, where red faces depict loyalty and
righteousness[citation needed]. Supposedly, Guan Yu's weapon was a
guandao named Green Dragon Crescent Blade, which resembled a halberd
and was said to weigh 82 catties(about 49.5 kg or 109 lbs). A wooden
replica can be found today in the Emperor Guan Temple in Xiezhou
County, China. He traditionally dons a green robe over his body armour,
as depicted in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

[From wiki]

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